Map of Pilgrim and Puritan
This map will show the arrival of the Pilgrims & Puritans, their trading posts, villages, farms & churches. It will contain sub-maps that show the growth of Towns, links to records, books and historical associations. From this map a viewer or teacher can access educational materials, videos, lectures, related to this time period.
the Puritan People
The Pilgrim and Puritan people were immigrants from England who left their homeland for many reasons. Some came in search of religious freedom, others came for new opportunities and some for adventure. Pilgrims landed in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1620. One hundred ten miles from Long Island. They established villages on the Twin Forks in 1640.
Montauk, Long Island
Plymouth, Massachusetts was the first home for the Pilgrims. They established a village in 1620 A.D. and survived a brutal first winter with the help of Tisquantum a Native person and former English slave, and the Wampanog Native people who lived nearby. The Pilgrim village was built on top of Tisquantum's hometown. The Native people had just survived an epidemic and many people died, leaving the village site vacant. When Tisqunatum returned from ten years as a captive of the English he found that Pilgrim people were now on his land. His family and friends were all gone.
Tisquantum is known as "Squanto" in the traditional Thanksgiving story, where Native people sit down and enjoy a feast with their new friends from England. In fact, relations between Pilgrim-Puritans and Native people were sometimes friendly but oftentimes, tense. War between them would break out in 1636 A.D.
Tisquantum likely thought poorly of the English Pilgrims. His real name will never be known. The name he gave the Pilgrims, Tisquantum, means The Wrath of God.
An idealized painting depicting Pilgrims sense of salvation at arriving in Plymouth.
The difference between Pilgrims and Puritans is that, Pilgrims believed the Anglican Church (Church of England) was irredeemably corrupted by Roman Catholicism. Puritans believed the Anglican Church could be reformed. The Puritan religious beliefs eventually became the present day Presbyterians.